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Working with the Web

   Glossary

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# or symbol

A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Y Z


# or Symbol

&
HTML code to display an ampersand & on a web page
>
HTML code to display the right angled bracket (greater-than sign) > on a web page
<
HTML code to display the left angled bracket (less-than sign) < on a web page
&nbsp;
HTML code to display a non-breaking space, which won't wrap to a new line.
&quot;
HTML code to display quotes " on a web page
<!--   -->
HTML code for an internal comment. Text in the middle will not be shown on the web page in a browser. Used for explanations about the code, statements about copyright and usage, etc.
<!doctype ...>
HTML code that tells what HTML version the code is in. Useful for programs that check HTML code. Does not display on the web page
<a>
HTML code for an anchor tag, which creates a hyperlink. Must include the HREF attribute which gives the destination of the link.
Example: <a href="http://www.myisp.com/~myname/mypage.htm">My page</a> will display as My page. When the link is clicked, the browser loads the page specified in the HREF path.
<b>
HTML code makes text bold.
<body>
Required HTML tag that contains the contents of the HTML page. 
<br>
HTML code for a line break. In HTML 4.01 and earlier, you may use the attribute CLEAR to stop text wrapping around images. 
Example: <br clear="all"> .
In HTML 5 you should use the CSS property clear:both; in a style instead, like <br style="clear:both;">.
<dd>
HTML code that marks off the definition in a definitions list. Preceded by a DT tag and contained inside a DL tag.
<dl>
HTML code that marks a definitions list, composed of terms and definitions. Contains DT (term) and DD (definition) tags. 
<dt>
HTML code that marks the term being defined in a definitions list. A DD tag follows immediately. Contained in a DL tag.
<em>
 HTML code for emphasis. Most browsers will show EM text in italics.
<font>
Obsolete HTML code that controls appearance of text using the attributes  FACE, SIZE, COLOR. 
Example: <font face="Garamond, Georgia, Times New Roman, serif" color="#FF0000" size="4">My Job</font> will display as My Job
This method has been replaced with CSS Cascading Style Sheets.
<h1>, <h2>, <h3>, <h4>, <h5>, <h6>
HTML code for headings. Top level is h1. Generally, size of text and boldness vary, with H1 being largest.
<head>
HTML code that contains instructions about the page but not contents shown on the page. The HEAD comes after the HTML tag and before the BODY tag. An internal style sheet is located inside the HEAD section.
<hr>
HTML code for a horizontal line across the page
<i>
HTML code to make text italic.
<img>
HTML tag for an image. Must contain at least the SRC attribute to give the path to the image file. Other HTML attributes include ALT, WIDTH, HEIGHT, HSPACE, VSPACE, ALIGN, BORDER. The first three are the only HTML attributes that are part of HTML5. The rest should be handled with CSS.
HTML Example:
 <img border="0" src="../icon-floppy.gif" alt="floppy disk" width="20" height="20" hspace="10" vspace="10" align="middle"> 
 
CSS Example: 

<img border="0" src="../icon-floppy.gif" alt="floppy disk" width="20" height="20" style="margin:10px;vertical-align:middle;"> 
Both display the image Floppy diskfloppy diskwith extra space around it and aligned vertically to the middle of the text line, but not exactly the same. With CSS you can adjust the space (that is the margin) on each side separately if you wish.
<li>
HTML code for an item in a list, either an ordered or an unordered list.
<ol>
HTML code for an ordered list, which will number the items in the list. choices for numbering are Arabic numbers like 1, 2, 3, or Roman numbers like I, II, III... or i, ii, iii,... or letters like A, B, C... or a, b, c.
Example:
  1. first item
  2. second item
<p>
HTML code for a paragraph. Browsers give paragraphs extra white space below by default, compared to wrapped text.
<strong>
HTML code for another form of emphasis. Most browsers display as bold.
<table>
HTML code for a table. Must contain at least one row <tr> </tr> and one cell <td> </td>.
<th>
HTML code for a heading cell. Browsers format text in heading row cells differently, usually bold.
<td> 
HTML for a table cell
<title>
HTML code in the HEAD section that sets a title for the page, which is displayed in the Title bar of the browser or on the tab for the page.
<u>
HTML code that underlines characters
<ul>
HTML code for an unordered list, which will place a bullet in front of each item in the list. Bullets may be a circle, disc, or square.
Example:
  • list item
  • another list item

A

absolute path
The full path to a file, like c:\mypapers\bio101\finalbioproject.docx or http://www.jegsworks.com/lessons/index.html
absolute position
Using CSS styling to place an element in a specific spot within a containing element that is already positioned. If there is no stated container, then the HTML tag is the container, which positioned the element in the window.
add-on
A piece of software that adds features to an existing program, like a browser. Usually cannot run by itself.
address
The unique URL that tells where something is on the Internet
Address Bar
Browser bar which shows the address of the page displayed.
align
To line objects up.
anchor tag
The HTML tag <a>  </a> is used to create a hyperlink with the attribute HREF or to name a spot with the ID attribute.
Animated gifanimated gif
A GIF format images which contains several images. These are shown in sequence, creating the illusion of motion.
asp, aspx
Active Server Page. A file type for web pages.
attribute
An HTML tag may have one or more attributes which can have various values. For example the IMG tag has the required attribute of SRC but also can have WIDTH, HEIGHT, TITLE, and ALT attributes.
AutoFill
Example: AutoFill in a formBrowser: When typing in the Address bar or in a form, the browser offers suggestions on completing. In the illustration, typing a J in the Name box brought two suggestions. Clicking on a suggestion saves typing.

B

Back
A browser button that returns the view to the last page shown. Usually shows with an arrow pointing left. A drop list attached to the button lists the last several pages visited.
background image
An image that forms the background of a web page. It may be repeated across and vertically or it may be a single image.
backwards compatible
Making new browsers, for example, able to render pages written with both new and old HTML and CSS standards.
block element
Document tags which define a section of an HTML document, usually starting a new line. Includes all headings, paragraphs, lists, tables. A DIV element is used to group other elements together as a block.
BMP
Bitmap format for images. Specifies the color of each pixel in the picture.
bookmark
Browser: a way to save the location of a web page you would like to return to later. IE calls these Favorites and saves them as shortcuts. Other browsers save the location as a link called a bookmark in a special HTML document.
Web page: a specific spot on the web page. A link can jump the focus to the spot.
browser
A program which displays HTML documents.
browser safe colors
The 216 colors which don't dither on either Windows or Mac computers.
bullet
A symbol that precedes an item in a bulleted list. Standard HTML shapes are circle, disc, and square HTML Bullet shapes.
 

C

cable modem
A device that connects your computer to the Internet using the cable TV line
cache
A collection of items saved for use later.
Browser cache: Holds copies on the local computer of web pages, style sheets, documents, images, scripts etc. that the browser has downloaded. If another page uses the same items or if the user clicks the Back button to load a page again, it is faster to fetch the files from the computer's cache than to download them again. 
Problem: The browser cache can get too large, making it faster to download again compared to searching through the overlarge cache.
Solution: Clear the cache from time to time or reduce the allowed size.
Search engine cache: A copy of a web page and all its related files which can be shown when the page itself is not available.
Proxy cache: Copies stored on a local network of web pages and their related files. When a browser on the network tries to view a web page, the copy in proxy cache is loaded. This is normally much faster than having to download the page from the Internet.
cascade
From a sequence of waterfalls that flow from one to the next.
CSS: The cascade of style sheets comes from setting the priorities of each type for rendering the HTML page.
cel
A single image that is part of a set of images which create an animation.
cell
The intersection of a row and a column in a table
cell padding
The space between the cell's borders and the content in the cell.
CGI
Common Gateway Interface, a standard for scripts which work with web pages to create part of the page or to perform actions like submitting form results or processing a purchase order.
chat
A software program that allows people to type messages to each other in real time. Video chat lets you  stream a live video from your web cam.
class
A set of properties set in an internal or external style sheet.
closing tag
Most HTML tags require a closing tag with a slash / to stop the action of the tag. 
Example: <p> starts a paragraph and </p> ends the paragraph.
collate
General: Arranging objects in a standard order.
Printing: Output pages are in numerical order, regardless of the number of copies of each page.
column
The set of cells that runs down the height of a table
compact declaration
A CSS declaration that combines several properties into one declaration.
Example: border:thin solid red; combines border-width:thin; border-style:solid; border-color:red;
compress
To make a file smaller by changing the way the information is stored
connection
A way to connect your computer to the Internet. Home users usually have a DSL or cable modem through an ISP (Internet Service Provider) account. At work users often have a direct connection to a T1 or T3 line
conversion
Changing the file format for an image or document to a new format.
 
cookie
A small text record on your computer that contains something about a browser session at a particular web site. This is how your browser can remember what your login and password are for a web site as well as what ads you have already seen there. Cookies cannot be programmed and cannot contain viruses or other malware. They can persist longer than you might want. Spyware can set up tracking cookies which send out information on what web sites you have been to and what you did there.
copyright
The legal right to control the use of intellectual property - something written or created, like a book or other text document, a song, a drawing or other artistic creation.
CSS
Cascading Style Sheets - a way to create consistent styles for use on a page or across a site. Inline, internal, or external style statements can control font, font size, color, background, border, position, and much more. The order of rendering: default browser style, external style sheet, internal style sheet, inline style.
cursive font
A cursive font
Another cursive font
A font that looks like handwriting. It can look like hand printing or connected script.

D

database
A program to manage lists that are not entirely numbers, such as addresses, phone lists, inventories, etc. A database is made up of files which contain records which are made up of fields.
debug
Look for and remove errors in a program
declaration
A property:value; combination in a style. The inline style style="font-size:large;font-family:Arial, Helvetica, sans-serif;" has two declarations.
default
The original settings; what will happen if you don't change anything
deprecated
An HTML tag which is not in the most current HTML standard. The tag has become obsolete.
DHTML
Dynamic HTML - a combination of HTML and a script (small computer program) to create interactive web pages
dial-up modem
A device that connects a computer to another computer using a telephone line and which must dial a telephone number to connect.
dither
When a color cannot be shown directly, you can use dots of other colors to fool the eye into seeing the color you wanted. The human eye blends the dots into a single color, when the dots are small.
domain name
The unique name for a computer connected to the Internet. The name is a number in the form nnn.nnn.nnn.nnn, but most domains also have an alias, like www.microsoft.com or www.jegsworks.com
download
Transfer a file to your computer from elsewhere
Downloads
A list of the files that the browser has downloaded, but not the files that were needed to show web pages, which are in the browser's cache.

E

 
edit
To make changes, especially to text such as a web address.
element
The HTML tag and text for a part of a document, such as a heading or paragraph or list or division.
email
Electronic mail - sending messages over a network or internet connection
Error: 404 or File not found
The browser cannot find the URL in the Address box. The address may have been mistyped or the item may have been moved, renamed, or deleted.
 
extensions
Software that adds features to an existing program. Does not run alone usually.
external style sheet
A set of styles in a separate CSS file which is linked to one or more pages in a web site.

F

fantasy font
This text is in a fantasy font.
Fantasy font = Curlz MT
A font with an unusual look, especially holiday fonts. Some 'fantasy' fonts don't look all that different! In the illustration the first line uses whatever 'fantasy' font the browser can find on the computer. The second line is actually an image of text displayed with the font Curlz MT.
Favorites 
A list of shortcuts to web pages kept by Internet Explorer
fixed position
Position of an HTML element with respect to the window. The element stays in place as the page is scrolled in the browser.
focus
The area or object that receives typing.
Example of a formform
A set of input fields for the viewer to fill out. Clicking the Submit button sends the results by email or records the results in a database.
Forward 
A button in a browser that loads the next page in the list of pages you have recently visited.
FTP
File Transfer Protocol. A protocol for moving files between computers.
full path
Lists the route to a file starting with the drive name and naming all the folders/directories, like c:\documents\memos\123197.doc

G

generic font
 A category of fonts: serif, sans-serif, cursive, fantasy, monospace. Last font listed in a font-family. If necessary, the browser will pick a font from the fonts installed on the computer that are in the category. Cursive and fantasy categories include fonts that you may not think of as particularly cursive or fancy.
gif
Extension for files in Graphics Image Format. Good for drawings and clip art. Compresses the file's size.
graphics conversion program
Software that can change the file format of an image.
graphics program
Software for creating and editing images

H

hack
Computer Science: An awkward but effective work-around to accomplish a task.
Computer Security: To break into computer systems by getting around the security measures.
handle
A small square or circle or other shape at a corner or edge of an image. Dragging this shape will resize the image.
History
The list of web pages that you have visited recently; the button that opens the History list.
Home
Browser: A button on a browser which loads the page or pages you have chosen as Home page(s).
Web site: The page that is the beginning point for the site.
horizontal rule
A line across an HTML page, created with the tag <hr>
host
The computer acting as a web server, sending out web pages.
href
Hypertext reference - the attribute of the A tag that sets the destination of the link.
HTML
HyperText Markup Language; what the source code for web pages is written in
HTML editor
Software which is especially good for editing HTML pages.
http
Hyper Text Transfer Protocol; the protocol used to transmit web pages
https
A secure protocol for transmitting sensitive data over the Internet. A web page that asks for your login and password or bank/credit card info should use this protocol.
hyperlink
Part of a web page that has a URL attached so that clicking it opens another document. Also called a link.
hypertext
Text which has a URL attached

I

image
A picture, drawing, map, or photo.
index.html
The file name that the browser looks for if the path ends with a directory, as in http://www.jegsworks.com instead of http://www.jegsworks.com/webresources.htm .
inline element
An HTML element which is not a block element. Includes logical and character formatting tags.
HTML Code with style sheets labeled (EditPad Pro 7)inline style
CSS style applied inside an element tag, like
<p style="margin-left:50px;>This paragraph is indented</p>
interlaced gif
A GIF format image which displays in stages. Rather than displaying all lines in sequence from top to bottom, at first selected lines from the whole image are displayed and then the others are filled in.
internal style sheet
A collection of one or more styles for the page that are written in the STYLE section, which is between the HEAD tags.
Internet
A network of connected computer systems which reaches around the world 
ISP (Internet Service Provider)
A company that provides a way for you to connect your computer to the Internet
IRC (Internet Relay Chat)
Software that allows you to type conversations with other people in real time
ISDN terminal adapter
Integrated Services Digital Network. A digital device which connects a computer to a digital communications line. Often called a modem, even though it works in a completely different way.

J

JavaScript
A scripting language often used to make web pages interactive.
jpg
File extension for Joint Photo Expert Group file format. Good for photos. Compresses file size but information is lost with each compression.

K

keyword
Search: A word that is used in a search box to look for related documents
HTML: A word in a metatag in the source code of an HTML page for search services to use

L

link
Browser: Short for hyperlink.
HTML: An LINK tag tells the browser where to find files that are related to the web page. Usually used for a style sheet or a script.
          Example: <link href="../web.css" rel="stylesheet" type="text/css">
list: bulleted or unordered
Each item in the list is preceded by a symbol, called a bullet. Also called an unordered list. In HTML the standard shapes are a circle, a disc, and a square. A list inside a list will have a different bullet. Starts with <ul> and ends with </ul>. Each list  item starts with <li>. The ending tag </li> is not required for HTML 4.0.
Example:
  • list item
  • another list item
list: descriptions
(Formerly called Definitions List) A list of terms alternating with their descriptions. The description is normally indented from the term and on another line. Starts with <dl> and ends with </dl>. Each term is coded with <dt> and each description with <dd>. Their end tags are optional.
Example:
Term 1
Description
Term 2
Description
list: numbered or ordered
Each item in the list is preceded by a number. Also called an ordered list. In HTML there are several choices for the kind of number: 1,2,3... or I, II, III..., or i, ii, iii...  or A, B, C... or a, b, c... If a list item has a sublist, the numbering will change. Starts with <ol> and ends with </ol>.
Example:
  1. first item
  2. second item

M

mailto link
A link which opens an email message with the address already filled in. It may also fill in a subject and even the body of the message.
menu bar
A toolbar in program window which has commands or list (menus) of commands.
metasearch
A search service that sends your keywords to several search services at the same time. Results are usually shown together, with a note about what service provided the item.
modem
From modulate/demodulate, which is what a modem does. It changes a digital signal to analog signal and back again to allow computers to communicate over the Internet using a phone line.
monospaced font
A set of characters which all have the same width. So a w is takes just as much space on the line as an i.
Example: Typewriters use monospaced fonts like this.

N

navigate
To move from one web page to another, or to move between parts of the page, or between frames.
nesting
When HTML elements are contained in other elements. The elements must be closed in the opposite order that they were opened.
Example: <p>This <b><i>keyword</i></b> is bold and italic.</p>
network
A set of computers which are linked together by network cable or wireless network routers.
network cable
A cable that connects a device to a computer network or connects two computers to each other. There are several types of cable used, depending on the devices and the type of network.
newsgroup
A discussion group on the Internet where messages and responses are posted for all to read.
non-breaking space
In HTML the white space in the source code collapses to a single space. The code &nbsp; creates a space that will not collapse.

O

offline
Not connected to the Internet. 'Work offline' means you do not need an Internet connection to accomplish the task.
online
Currently connected to the Internet. 'Work online' means you require access to the Internet to accomplish the task.
online service
Connection: A company which provides a connection to the Internet, usually including email and some web space. Sometimes the service includes special content.
Business: A company that provides some kind of service using the Internet, such a document storage, banking, music and movie downloads, web-based email or document writing applications.
opening tag
HTML code that marks the start of your instruction. The form is <nnn> where nnn stands for the actual tag.  Examples: <p> starts a paragraph, <ol> starts an ordered list. Most HTML tags require and closing tag also.
ordered list
See list: numbered
overflow
Browser: The contents that won't fit into an element that has fixed height.
CSS: The property overflow can have values: visible (the default - display contents outside its container), auto (adds a scroll bar if needed), scroll (adds a scroll bar always), hidden (cuts off what won't fit), inherit (has the same value as the container element).
Example of 'overflow:hidden':
Here is some text that is going to run on and on and is too long to quite fit inside this DIV tag.

P

password
The second part of the process of logging into a web site or file. The first part is the user name/ID/login. Different sites have different requirements about what makes an acceptable password - number of characters, symbols allowed or not, case-sensitive or not.
path
Computer setting: A list of locations where the computer will look for commands if the full path is not given.
Example: C:\WINDOWS;C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND;D:\PERL\BIN;
Files and folders: The hierarchy of drive and folders that is the location of a file.
Example: "c:\My Documents\complit101\web\Start\index.html" tells you that the file index.html is on Drive C in folder My Documents in its subfolder complit101 in its subfolder web in its subfolder Start. This is the full path to the file.
pinned
Attached a shortcut to a program or a document to a spot where it won't vanish over time - Start menu or Taskbar or Recent Items
pixel
The smallest part of a digital image; a single dot on a computer screen or on a printed page.
plug-in
Software that adds features or changes behavior of an existing program. Usually does not run by itself.
png
The extension of the graphics file format Portable Network Graphic. This format compresses the file with a different algorithm than with GIF format.
portal
A web site which intends for you to use it at your Home page and so provides links to features you might want to see regularly, like weather, news, sports scores, stock market quotes.
primary colors
Emitted Light:  Red, green, blue. Can be combined to make all other colors, esp. white. Black is the absence of all emitted light.
Pigments: Red, yellow, blue. Can be combined to make all other colors, esp. black.
printer friendly
A version of a web page that has been formatted for printing. It may use different fonts to be easy to read on paper and does not waste paper with unneeded white space, ads, menus, etc.
print queue
The set of documents waiting to be printed on a particular printer. The list is in the order that the requests were submitted.
progressive jpg
A JPEG format image which displays gradually, getting more detail and sharper with each rendering.
property
HTML: Something about the element such as width, height, or color. Usually called an attribute.
CSS: In the STYLE attribute of an element, a property is part of a STYLE declaration that changes the formatting of the property. Example:
style="font-size:smaller;color:fushcia;"
which has two declarations to format two properties - color and font-size.
proportional font
A set of characters which have varying widths. For example, a w is wider than an i. 
protocol
The rules for how a communication is conducted between electronic devices.
publish
Making a web page or site available over the Internet. This involves copying all of the pages, images, scripts, and style sheets to a web server.

Q

Quick Launch
A section of the Windows Taskbar, esp. WinXP. It contains shortcuts to programs that you use regularly.

R

refresh
To make the computer redraw the display to show the most recent version of a web page, a list of files, or a document that is being edited elsewhere while displayed on your computer.
relative path
Tells how to get to a file from the current location. 
Example: the relative path "../../html/images.htm" tells you that the file images.htm is up two folder levels in the folder html.
Example: the relative path "example/australia/beaches.htm" tells you that the file beaches.htm is in a subfolder named australia inside the folder example that is a subfolder of the folder that the current page is in.
relative position
Using CSS styling to create an object with a position set with respect to where it would have been normally. No outside container is needed.
robot
See spider.
router
An electronic device that controls communication between computer networks. A router on a home or small office network simply transfers requests for web pages to the cable or DSL modem, which is connected to the Internet. Routers do more complex tasks on more complex networks.
row
The set of cells that runs across the width of a table

S

sans-serif font
M
sans-serif
Illustration of serifs on a capital M A font without the small marks at the ends of the letters.
script
Small subprogram
search
Look for specific word(s) or character(s) in a document or on the Internet 
search engine
Software that finds documents across the Internet, indexes the text, and can be searched itself to provide lists of documents that match keywords
secure transaction
Submitting a form like a login form or an order form with the data encrypted to prevent others from reading the data. The protocol part of the web address should be https. But sometimes the web page does not show this protocol until the form is submitted. Confusing!
selector
In CSS: the object to which the style properties will apply. The selector can be an HTML element like P or H1 or a class, like .sidebar or an ID, like #menu, and more.
Illustration of serifs on a capital Mserif font
A font with small marks called serifs at the ends of the letters.
shortcut
A clickable link to a web page or other document
source code
The HTML code that defines an HTML document
spider
An automatic software program that 'crawls' from page to page through the Internet to index pages for a search engine.
stacking order
The vertical order of a set of objects on a web page. These may not actually touch or they may overlap each other completely. The default stacking order is the order that the objects appear in the source code, with the first object being on the bottom of the stack. The z-index property can be used to change the order.
standards
The recommendations of the W3C for coding web pages and other technical matters.
static position
The default position in a browser of the parts of a web page that have not been positioned.
Status Bar
The bottom of a browser window that has a message about what the browser is doing. 
Stop
A button that makes the browser stop trying to load a web page. Very useful when the connection is slow and the page is taking a long time to load. Sometimes stopping the page and reloading results in the page loading quickly.
style
A way to label document parts like normal paragraphs, headings, and lists.
1. OLD:  One of the standard HTML paragraph styles, like H1, H2, and bulleted list. This use is inherited from word processing and can be confusing. 
2. CSS: An author-defined set of properties for an HTML element using Cascading Style Sheets
style sheet
A collection of styles either internal or external.
Suggested Sites
IE: A button in IE's interface that uses an online service from Microsoft to suggest web sites that you might be interested in.
surf the web
Following links from one web page to another without a particular goal.
SVG
Scalable Vector Graphics - a format for web graphics that uses equations to describe the shapes.

T

T1 line
A fiber-optic cable for transmitting data at a speed of 1.544 Mbit/s.
Tabs (IE)
Tabs(Chrome)
Tabs (Firefox)
tab
Browser: Part of a browser's interface that allows several pages to use the same window.
TAB key
A key on the keyboard which normally indents text a specific distance.
table
A way to display information in orderly rows and columns.
tag
HTML code that labels the start and end of the logical parts of the document, such as a heading or paragraph, or of the effect you are applying, such as italics or bold. Example: <h1>This is a page heading</h1>
Temporary Internet Files
A set of folders that a browser uses to store its cache.
text editor
Software with which you can edit the HTML code directly. An HTML text editor will have additional features to help you code correctly and possibly without having to look at the source code itself.
text graphic
An image of text, usually in an unusual font that might not be on the viewer's computer. Often used for navigation buttons and logos.
texture
1.  A background image that creates an overall effect on a web page, like water, sand, or marble.
2.  Any small background image that is repeated across the page.
thumbnail
A small image representing a much larger one.
tile
Repeating an image across the background of a web page and then dropping down a row to repeat again until the whole page is covered.
toolbar
A portion of the window devoted to special tasks or commands. Usually has buttons to click on to execute commands.
transparent gif
A GIF format image which has one color set as "transparent" so that the background shows instead of the color.

U

unordered list
See list: bulleted
upload
Transferring files from your own computer to a web server.
URL
Universal Resource Locator - also known as the address of an item in a network or the Internet.

V

value
One of several choices for an HTML tag attribute or a CSS property.
Example: CSS property text-align can have values "left", "right", "center', or "justify" as in <p style="text-align:center">
vector
A way to describe an image with equations. Such an image can be resized without getting fuzzy or jagged. 
virus
A computer program that performs tasks without your permission or consent. May be harmless but annoying or may be highly damaging.  

W

watermark
A page background that remains in place as the page is scrolled. Often used for company logos.
Web
See WWW
web directory
A search service that arranges the web pages it knows about into categories and subcategories. Often picked by human beings for inclusion in the categories.
webmaster
The person responsible for managing a web site
web page
An HTML document, viewable with a browser
web server
A computer that manages the delivery of web pages over the Internet
Web Slice
IE: A part of a web page that has been marked so that IE can tell you when it is updated. You can view just the slice instead of the whole page.
web space
Disk space on a web server for storing web pages
white space
The blank area around your text and images and in between lines of text.
HTML: White space in lines of text in HTML source code get reduced to a single space when the browser renders the page. White space between block elements does not show at all in the browser.
wireless network
A network of computers and related devices that does not use cables to connect to the network but instead one of several types of wireless transmission. Cell phones are part of a wireless network.
W3C
World Wide Web ConsortiumLink leads to another site - a group that defines standards for web technology.
WYSISYG editor
A web page editor that displays the web page as you create it and lets you edit what you see directly.
WWW (World Wide Web)
That part of the Internet that contains HTML pages

X

XHTML
eXtensible HyperText Markup Language:  Similar to Hypertext Markup Language (HTML) but able to be extended by authors and conforms to XML structures. Documents in XHTML must be 'well-formed'. Any coding errors will cause problems and can cause the document to be unreadable.
XML
Extensible Markup Language: A markup language intended to be readable by people and machines both, especially over the Internet. It is NOT a version of HTML.

Y


Z

z-index
A CSS property for an object that sets its stacking order. The default stacking order is the order that the objects appear in the source code with the first object being on the bottom of the stack. Multiple objects can have the same z-index. If they overlap or touch each other the browser may have trouble rendering the page.