Character Spacing Effects
The baseline is the line that the letters
normally sit on.
Scaling: You can adjust the
width of a font as a percentage. This changes the shapes but not the
heights of the characters.
Example- size of characters scaled to 200% of normal
|Spacing: You can condense the spacing so that characters are
closer together, or expand the
that they are further apart. Letters remain the same size and shape.
Example: Character spacing expanded
by 5 points.
|Example: Character spacing condensed by half
Position: The position of a word relative to
the text's baseline can be set to
Normal, Raised, or Lowered. In the preview, the base line is
shown by the lines on either side of the preview text. It is the
line the letters sit on.
Example: Position lowered by 5 points
|Example: Position raised by 5 points
Kerning: While Spacing makes the same adjustment
characters, kerning adjusts the spacing
pairs of letters, for example, a capital T next to a lower case
letter o. Without kerning the T will be too far away to look right in some
fonts and at large font sizes. In the sample at the right, look carefully at the space between the T and the o.
The first line has a font size of 18. It's not kerned because the
setting at the top says to start kerning at 24 points and
above. The other lines have font sizes of 24, 28, 36, and 48. The difference becomes more noticeable as the font size increases.
Step-by-Step: Character Spacing
What you will learn:
|to scale text|
to expand and condense text
to raise and lower text
Start with: , a blank
In a blank document,
type the following:
1. Scaling text larger: This is my text.
2. Scaling text smaller: This is my text.
3. Expanding text: This is my text.
4. Condensing text: This is my text.
5. Raising text: This is my text.
text: This is my text.
7. Compare to - This is my text
9. Text Text Text Text Text
10. Text Text Text Text Text
- In line 1,
select the the part This is my
Open the Font dialog.
- Click on the Character
Spacing tab, if necessary.
- Apply a scaling of 150% to the text. Close
the Font dialog.
- Continue with each line, applying the changes to the
phrase This is my text. -
- line 2: scaling 80%
- line 3: expand by 10 pts.
- line 4: condense by .8 pts
- line 5: raise by 8 pts.
- line 6: lower by 12 pts.
- Compare each change
with the unchanged text in line 7.
- In lines 9 and 10 change the
font size of the words to match the following:
12 , 24, 36, 48, 72
- Select line 10 and open the Font dialog.
Check the Kerning for fonts box and leave the font size
at 1 pt.
Compare lines 9 and 10 carefully.
For which font sizes does kerning make a noticeable difference?
- Create a
header with your name and the date at the left and Word
Project 3 at the right.
characterspacing.doc in the word project3 folder of your Class
How to handle a full disk