Project 4: Report
Exercise Word 4-1

Title: Jan's Illustrated Computer Literacy 101
Did you want: Working with Words: Word 2007,2010,2013,2016 or españolIcon: Change web

MLA School paperTo practice using references and footnotes, you will create a school paper about trends in the computer industry. You will use MLA style entirely.

Refer to the MLA Style guidelines in Word Project 4 to see what those are. (Don't worry. The text of the paper has been written for you. You just have to type it in.)

Since school papers often have a required number of words, you will include this in the class information.

Where you are:
JegsWorks > Lessons > Word97-2003

Before you start...

Project 1: Word BasicsTo subtopics    

Project 2: Auto ToolsTo subtopics

Project 3: BrochureTo subtopics

Project 4: Report     
    MLA Guidelines
    Create ReportTo subtopics
    TablesTo subtopics
    Finish ReportTo subtopics
    Exercises Subtopics display
    Exercise Ex. 1: School report
    Exercise Ex. 2: Soccer table
    Exercise Ex. 3: On Your Own


These exercises use files from the word resource files. The default location for these files is c:\My Documents\complit101\words\ You cannot make changes to these files and save them in the same place.

Save the changed documents to your Class disk. This keeps the original resource files intact in case you need to start over or another student will be using this same computer.

In other lessons you will see the same fictional organizations and people that you meet in these exercises: The City Theater, the City Soccer Team, and Computers Today.

Don't forget to backup your Class disk when you have completed the exercises or whenever you stop for the day.

Your Class disk may be getting full. You have some choices.

  • You can start using a new disk.
  • You can delete some of the documents that you are sure you won't need again. (Don't delete until you have received all grades based on these documents!!)
  • You can re-save some of the larger documents to reduce the file sizes.

Don't wait to get a message that a document can't be saved because the disk is full. Check the free space left regularly. If you get such a message, don't close the document without saving it somewhere, at least temporarily. It will be lost for good if you do.

Exercise Word 4-1: School Paper - MLA style

What you will do:

use a template
create footnotes
use references
create a Works Cited page

Start with:Class disk Icon- Word with blank document , from resource files

To see a template in the New dialog, you must have it in the correct folder. That varies with the version of Office and also with whether your computer is set up for different users.

  1. Start a new document by using the on the Student Templates tab. This document includes some temporary text and some examples. (You can print for future reference if you wish.)
    [Can't find the template? Directions for installing] 
  2. Replace the temporary text in the Header and in the info lines on the left with your own name and class information.
  3. Replace the title with:  The Changing World of Computers 
  4. Type in the text below, which includes the citations, for the body of the document. 

    Change is the only constant in the world of computers. No industry has ever before built its foundation on never standing still. An idea goes from a dream to a prototype to one-on-every-shelf in the blink of an eye. (Hugo 3)

    The most basic technology in a computer has changed radically in just the last 50 years, with whole new industries being born as a result. The first generation of computers in the 1930's and 40's use vacuum tubes. Transistors ran the second generation of computers, starting in 1958. Microchips came along in 1964, just 6 years later, to found the third generation of computers. In 1970 the fourth generation had many more circuits per chip and the chips were programmable. Computers are still based on microchips but who can count the generations now? Every few months another chip is released that is yet faster and has more capabilities than ever before. (Barnard 43-49)

    Computer software shows the same breathless rush to reinvent itself. Early computers had to have programs written just for that computer. In 1980 (just the other day!) Bill Gates developed MS-DOS to operate IBM's first personal computer. Ten years later in 1990 Windows 3.0 with its graphical interface was released, and become an instant success. Only 5 years afterwards Windows 95 exploded into the marketplace as the new standard for operating systems, with a new interface and substantial differences deep inside. (Mendoza) Word processors, spreadsheets, graphics programs, all kinds of software show the same frantic pace of releasing new versions with more powerful features as fast as humanly possible. (Schmidt)

    The Internet or at least that part of it known as the World Wide Web (or Web for short), is currently the hottest topic in the world of computers. The boring, though useful, text-only view of files in other places was replaced with colorful HTML pages with pictures, sounds, animations, and even videos. (Schmidt) An explosion of people in a hurry to get online has created yet another industry, the business of connecting the world. Services like AOL (America Online) and ISP's (Internet Service Providers) channel people at their desks to chat rooms, newsgroups, online stores, and old-fashioned information sites. As fast you get the hardware and the browser installed to get connected, newer and better versions of both are tempting you to upgrade. New ways to connect to the Internet turn up constantly with faster speeds and more bells and whistles. Connection speeds of 9600 bps were once considered speedy. Now 28.8K bps is painfully slow for those who have experienced cable modems at 300K bps. (Patel)

    How long can this go on? People have been asking that for several decades now. The answer seems to be "Longer than you can imagine!" (Hugo 4)

  1. Add explanatory footnote notes. (Hint: use  Insert  |  Footnote…   or Icon: Word 2002Icon: Word 2003  Insert  |  Reference  |  Footnote…  

    After  9600 bps  -- use the character † in the Insert Footnote dialog as the custom symbol. The symbol is part of a standard font, but it is not on the keyboard. The fastest way to get this character into the Symbol box is to use the key combo ALT + 0134. Hold down the ALT key while typing the four digits. Each character in a font has a four digit code like this. You can see the whole set with Character Map in the Accessories group on the Start Menu. With Character Map you can copy and paste characters which are not on the keyboard.

    After  28.8K bps  use two of this character --††. You just enter the code for the symbol twice, but you must release the ALT key between entering the sets of numbers.

    After the word  modems  use an asterisk *

    The contents of each footnote are as follows:

    bps = bits per second where a bit is the smallest piece of data possible 

    †† K bps = 1000 bits per second 

    * A modem is a device that translates the digital thoughts of a computer into signals that phone lines understand and then translates the return signal back to digital again. 

  2. Create the citations on the Works Cited page as shown below. Be very careful with the punctuation. [The sources are fiction, chosen to illustrate the types of sources. The facts in the paper are true!]

    Mendoza, Jose G. "From DOS to Win98: faster than a speeding bullet." Owning a Computer. New York: Hardesty Publishing (1998)

    Hugo, Leonard E. The Future is Now. London: Millennial Press (1997)

    Schmidt, Hans F. "Software Bloat" Online Tipster. January 25, 1998 (June 14, 1998) <>

    Patel, Bendol. "How Fast is Fast?" Computers Around Us. (June, 1997) 121-126.

    Barnard, Gregory S. "A Computing Timeline." Encyclopaedia of Computing (1994), III, Los Angles: Pentium Press, 40-55.

  3. Create a works cited paragraph style which has a hanging indent of .5" and apply it to the citations.
  4. Sort the citations into normal alphabetic order using  Table  |  Sort .
  5. On the line below the Date at the top left of page 1, insert the field for the number of words (NumWords) in the document and then type a space and  words . If you had put this field in at the beginning, you would have to Update it now to show the current value.
  6. Preview. Correct any errors.
  7. Class disk Save as changingworld.doc on your Class disk.
    Full disk How to handle a full disk
  8. Print icon Print.

    School Paper in MLA format