Why is HTML better than a word processing format for the Internet?
Advantages of HTML
Disadvantages of HTML
The rules for HTML grow and change constantly. Browsers must race to catch up. The organization W3C (the World Wide Web Consortium) publishes recommendations (also called standards) for each version of HTML. The most current version is HTML 4.01. The next generation is XHTML 1.0 (EXtensible HyperText Markup Language).
New features are introduced with each new HTML Version. HTML 2.0 introduced forms and HTML 3.2 introduced tables.
With HTML 4.0 authors can take advantage of new features like:
These advanced features are worth textbooks of their own and are not covered in HTML Basics. If you already have some knowledge of HTML, you might want to take a peek at my Cascading Stylesheets demo and my DHTML demo.
As new tags and methods are added, older features are eventually phased out and deprecated. This awkward word means that future HTML standards may not include the deprecated tag at all. Eventually browsers may not even recognize it. Thus, an HTML author has a problem with no perfect solution. Old code tags may eventually not work in newer browsers while older browsers do not understand the cool new features.
Working with web pages is different from working with printed documents. The author of an ordinary document on paper knows the size and color of the paper. He can make specific choices about the color and size of the text, width of the margins, where a page breaks, etc. He can know what the results will be. An HTML author cannot know exactly how the document will be displayed on the viewer's monitor. There are many factors involved.
The table below shows some of the things that will be different for different people who are viewing the same HTML page. These characteristics often make a difference in how an HTML document displays on a monitor.
In theory, any browser can display any HTML document in a way that makes sense, though it may not be pretty. This will work if:
When these conditions are met, the different parts of the document are shown in a way that is suitable for the particular equipment and the viewer's personal needs. The page author does not have to worry about what equipment is used to view the page or what customized settings the browser has. Super!!
In reality, there are problems.
Creative minds have expanded what HTML can do, what browsers can do, and what computers can do. It is hard to keep things simple any more. So be forewarned - the HTML pages that you write may not work well for everyone. Keep it as simple as you can to let the most people use your page.
In most browsers for Windows, the default font is Times New Roman. Non-Windows computers may not have this font. The browser will substitute its own default font.
~~ 1 Cor. 10:31 ...whatever you do, do it all for the glory of God. ~~