HTML Basics:
Icon: FrontPage Express Text Links

Title: Jan's Illustrated Computer Literacy 101
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One of the essential features of HTML documents is the hyperlink, or hypertext. Remember that the H in HTML stands for Hyper. Clicking on a hyperlink opens a new page or performs some other action.

How do you create these links?

Creating a Link

In your HTML code you create a link by putting text or an image inside an anchor tag <a> </a> which has the HREF attribute. The value of the HREF attribute is usually the address (or hypertext reference) of the document that should display when the link is selected. For example a  link to My page might use the code:

<a href=""> My page</a>

Where you are:
JegsWorks > Lessons > Web

Before you start...

Project 1: Browser BasicsTo subtopics

Project 2: HTML Basics
    HTML CodeTo subtopics
    About HTML
    What You Need
    Code by HandTo subtopics
   FrontPage/ FPX Arrow - Subtopic open
      FrontPageTo subtopics OR Icon: FPXFPX Arrow - Subtopic open
                   Formatting Bar
                   Standard Bar
                   Forms Bar
                   icon-footprintUsing FPX
                   icon-footprintText links
    Images in HTMLTo subtopics
    FormattingTo subtopics
    TablesTo subtopics
    ConvertTo subtopics
    ExercisesTo subtopics


Tip When someone tries to access a site using a URL that stops short of the filename, like, the web server looks for a default page to display.  The most common default names are index.html, index.htm, and default.asp. This is why index.html is used so often for the first page of a web site.

If there is no file with the default name, the web server may show a list of all the files in the folder. That is not usually what you want people to see! The server can be set to send an error message instead.

Contents list for directory

An incomplete URL opens the directory list

Icon Step-by-Step

Step-by-Step: Text Links in FPX

 Icon Step-by-Step

What you will learn: to use Save As for safety
to create a text link
to create a link to another page in the site
to create a mailto link
to verify a link
to remove a link without removing the text

 Start with:  Class disk, Icon: FPX hector5.htm

Save As

It is easy to accidentally overwrite a document when you meant to save it with a new name. It is smart to save with the new name before you even make any changes.

  1. If necessary, open the file hector5.htm from the web folder on your Class disk.

  2. From the menu select  File  |  Save as .

  3. In the Save as dialog, click on the button As file.

  4. Use the path  a:\my docs\web\hector6.htm  to save your page to the web folder of your Class disk.

Text Link

On web pages you often see words and names turned into hyperlinks. You might see a word like 'soccer' turned into a link to a site about sports news. The name of a corporation like 'Microsoft' could be a link to Microsoft's home page. Hector wants to provide links to the company he works for and to some other sites that relate to things he mentions.

  1. Select the words  World Travel  in the first paragraph by dragging across them.
  2. Click the button Button: Hyperlink Hyperlink  on the Toolbar. A dialog appears with three tabs. The WWW tab is showing.

    Depending on what has been done recently, the URL textbox may be filled in with an internet http:// address, a file:/// address to a file on your hard drive, or some other choice.

  3. Link to World Travel Inc.If necessary, use the drop list to select the Hyperlink Type as http:
  4. In the textbox URL, complete the address of the web site for World Travel:

    Remember that this is a fictional company.

  5. Link: World Travel - highlightedClick on the button OK. The selected text on the page changes. Since the text is still highlighted, the color used is the inverse color, yellow.
  6. Link: World TravelClick somewhere on the page to remove the highlighting. Now the words look like a link- blue and underlined.
  7. Create more hyperlinks with this method. Use the information in the table below. These are real places on the Web, at least for today.





    My Job - paragraph 1

    Type all the URL on one line.

    Note: There is an underscore between south and america.

    Universidad de Buenos Aires My Education - paragraph 1

    the pyramids in Egypt



  8. Class disk From the menu select  File  |  Save as...  and save the revised page as  hector6.htm  in the web folder on your Class disk.

Link to Page in the Same Site

Suppose Hector's son Ricardo has a page of his own in a subfolder Hector's web space. You can use a relative path that tells how to get to Ricardo's page from Hector's. Until the page is there, the link will not actually work, of course. But you can create a link to it anyway.

  1. The word Ricardo selected.Select the word Ricardo in the paragraph My Family.
    (The easy way is to double-click the word.)
  2. Dialog: Edit Hyperlink with relative path to Ricardo's pageClick on Button: Hyperlink the Hyperlink button. Click on the tab World Wide Web, if necessary.
  3. Select the type  (other)  from the drop list.
  4. Type in the URL textbox  family/ricardo/index.html 

    Folder tree: Desktop down to ricardoThis relative path says to move from the current folder which contains the current page hector6.htm down to the subfolder family and then to the subfolder ricardo, where you can find the file index.html.

    Tip If you had Ricardo's page already open in FPX, you could use the tab Open Pages to select it. You would not have to type in the path.

    If you were ready to write a new page for Ricardo, you could use the New Page tab. This tab offers some wizards to help you create the page.

  5. The word Ricardo is now a link.Click on OK and then click on the page somewhere to unselect the word. The word Ricardo is now a link, even though the page does not exist yet!

Email Link

In the drop list of types of hyperlinks you may have noticed the type mailto: In Internet Explorer such a link will open your email program with the address already filled in. Other browsers may not understand the mailto: type of link. So, you should always show the email address in text on the page, also.


  1. At the bottom of the page on a new line, type the heading
     Comments and Suggestions 
  2. Assign it the style Heading 3 using the Style box.
  3. On the next line type the paragraph below as Normal text:

    Please send me email telling me what you think about this page and how I might improve it to

    Link: mailto - hchavez@worldtravelinc.netThe email address automatically becomes a link once you type a space after it.

    Warning Be careful about having punctuation marks directly after a URL or an email address. When a program like FPX automatically formats your typing as a hyperlink, sometimes the punctuation gets included in the URL. Such a link will not work.


  1. Select the words  send me email  in the paragraph you just typed.
  2. Click on Button: Hyperlink the Hyperlink button. The Create hyperlink dialog appears.
  3. Dialog: drop list of link typesFrom the drop list Hyperlink type: select the type  mailto: .
  4. Type the following in the URL textbox- 
    (Yes, there is an error in this address!)
      Status bar: mailto link that has an errorClick on the button OK. The text you selected is now a link.

  5. Move your mouse pointer over the new link and look at the Status bar. It shows the address for the link. If you read carefully, you can see the error in the user name.
  6. Right Click Menu: Hyperlink PropertiesRight click on the link send me email and select  Hyperlink Properties . The dialog Edit hyperlink opens. It looks just like the dialog Create hyperlink.
  7. Change the user name in the email address to  hchavez .
  8. Click on the button OK.
  9. Again move the mouse pointer over the link and check the Status bar to be sure you have the correct address now=
  10. Class disk Click  the Button: Save Save button to save the page using the same name, hector6.htm.

Verify Links

To be sure that a link works you must actually use it! After all, even if you type what you meant to type, the link will fail if there is no document at that URL.

From inside FPX you cannot just click on a link to load the document like you can in a browser. You must use a key combo or a menu command.

WarningYou cannot open a framed site in FPX at all. You can use a browser to verify that your links work.

Method 1: Key combo to follow a link in FrontPage Express.

You will see the FPX view of the page, not what you usually see in a browser. If the site is framed, you won't see anything at all.

  1. Connect to the Internet, if necessary.
  2. Place your mouse pointer over the link Argentina in hector6.htm.
  3. Hold the CTRL key down. The pointer shape changes to Pointer: circle with arrow. Indicates a link. . Click. FPX loads the page. The Status Bar says "Requesting data..." Be patient. If the page won't load, try Method 2 below.

    When the page loads, you should see a web page with information about Argentina. If you don't, check the URL and correct any errors.

  4. Close this document window.

Method 2: Menu command to follow hyperlink in FPX

  1. Right click on the email link send me email and choose  Follow hyperlink .
    Whoops! An error message appears. From FPX you will only be able to follow http and file links.

    Message: That hyperlink can not be opened because it does not use the http or file protocol.

  2. Click on OK to close the message box.

Method 3: Use your browser to view your page  and check the links.

  1. Open hector6.htm in your browser.
  2. Click on each of the links to see what pages come up. The mailto: links should open your email program to write a new message.

Remove Link

Link: Ricardo with cursor in word RicardoNow that you can create several types of links, you should know how to remove a link without removing the text. Since Ricardo's page has not been written yet, you can use the link to it for practice. You can also remove the text email link since the address is a link itself.

Method 1: Toolbar Button

  1. Click in the link Ricardo in the paragraph My Family. You do not have to select the whole word.
  2. Dialog: Hyprlink type = otherClick on button: Hyperlink the Hyperlink button.
  3. Click on Text Button: Clear the Clear button. The URL is removed from the textbox.
  4. Click on OK to close the dialog.

    Link:  "Ricardo" returns to normal textThe selected text returns to its normal state and the anchor tag is removed from the HTML code.

Method 2: Right Click Menu

  1. Right click in the link  send me email .
  2. From the popup menu select  Hyperlink properties . The same dialog appears as before.
  3. Delete the URL from the text box and click on OK. The words return to their normal state.
  4. Class disk Save the page using the same name, hector6.htm, by clicking on the Button: Save Save button.

Error - link contains extra characters

Link: extra characters caught in linkWhen you are dragging to select text for a link, it is easy to pick up extra spaces or characters at the ends of your selection. These extra parts will be part of the link, like the parts above the carets ^ in the illustration. If an image link contains an extra space, there will be a small underscore mark beside the image.

Repair the link by either:

  1. Edit the HTML code itself to move the space or characters outside the <a> tag.
  2. Delete the offending spaces or characters in FPX, and then re-type them. Usually they will no longer be included in the anchor.